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Signs of Aggressive Periodontitis

Posted on 11/20/2016 by Doctor Southard
A close up of a patients mouth suffering from gum disease.
Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease. What started out as gingivitis - red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or floss - has spread into the teeth and possibly even the jawbone.

At this point, your gums may have receded, your jaw has suffered and your teeth may even become loose or fall out.

There are several categories of periodontitis, one of which is classified as aggressive periodontitis. While it shows some similar signs to chronic periodontitis, there are a few factors that distinguish it from other types.

Types of Aggressive Periodontitis

There are two types of aggressive periodontitis. Localized Aggressive Periodontitits (LAP) causes loss of attachment on at least two molars, one being the first molar, and affects no more than two teeth other than the first molar.

Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis (GAP), on the other hand, is when at the attachment of at least three teeth other than the first molars is affected.

Age of Onset
Gum disease can affect anyone of any age. Aggressive periodontitis typically strikes people under the age of 30, usually children and young adults. In some instances, it affects those over 30.

With more advanced stages of periodontitis, your jawbone weakens, loosening the attachment between the bone and your teeth, which causes tooth loss. The loss of attachment between your jawbone and your teeth is rapid with aggressive periodontitis, happening up to four times faster.

Inconsistency Between Plaque on Teeth and Damage

Usually, with periodontal disease, the amount of plaque and tartar on your teeth coincides with the amount of periodontal damage. In the case of aggressive periodontitis, there is a distinct lack of plaque, tartar and bacterial buildup despite the severity of the damage.

Otherwise Healthy
Despite having deep periodontal pockets and loose teeth, most patients are otherwise healthy individuals. While some may the have red, inflamed gums typically present in those with other forms of gum disease and may suffer from bleeding gums (typical of those suffering from GAP) others may not exhibit any symptoms at all, their gums pink and pain-free (which is common in those suffering LAP).

If you suspect you are suffering from any form of gum disease, you should contact our office right away. With a prompt diagnosis, you can prevent a spreading infection and save your teeth from loss.

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Steven Southard DDS, MS
Midwest Periodontics
1006 W St Maartens Dr, Suite A
St Joseph, MO 64506

(816) 207-4005

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